National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)
EZIPs
TaxonomySpeciesCoxiella burnetii
CategoryBacteria
GenusCoxiella
FamilyCoxiellaceae
Order/ClassLegionelles
PhylumProteobacteria
Human and animal diseaseHuman diseaseQ fever
Predominant syndromeRespiratory
Occ. risk groupAnimal producers
Incubation time2-4 weeks (20 days)
Disease in farm animalsYes
Disease in pets and horsesYes
Disease in wildlifeYes
Specfic animal speciesRuminants, dogs, cats, coyotes, foxes, rodents, skunks, raccoons, rabbits, deer, and birds
ReservoirsHumansNo
Farm animalsYes
Pets and horsesYes
WildlifeYes
Specific animal speciesRuminants, dogs, cats, coyotes, foxes, rodents, skunks, raccoons, rabbits, deer, and birds
TransmissionHuman to humanNo
SkinNo
Tissue/blood: ArthropodsYes
Tissue/blood: Invasive actionsNo
Secreta/excreta: AirYes
Secreta/excreta: Water/food/environmentYes
Secreta/excreta: Close animal contactYes
Transmission infoTicks, milk, wool, birthing product, dust
Geographic distributionNetherlandsYes
EuropeYes
AfricaYes
North AmericaYes
South AmericaYes
AustraliaYes
AsiaYes
Distribution infoWorldwide, not in Antartica or New Zealand
InfoSpecifics
Human ref. website URL
Animal ref. website URL
  Value Normalised valueWeightScore
1Probability of introduction into the Netherlands100% 10,4180,42
2Transmission in animal reservoirs0,5% 0,670,2920,2
3Economic damage, animal reservoirs50M€ 0,610,3370,2
4Animal-human transmission0,005% 00,6260
5Human-human transmission0,005% 0,390,3390,13
6Morbidity0,2 0,590,1810,11
7Mortality0,5% 0,670,6430,43
 Total    1,49
 Normalised score    0,59